Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is a statutory organisation originally constituted under Section 3(1) of the repealed Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948, since substituted by Section 70 of the Electricity Act, 2003. It was established as a part-time body in 1951 and made a full-time body in 1975. Section 73 of the Electricity Act, 2003 elaborates on the functions and duties of CEA.

Entire Grid in India is distributed into five regions:

  1. Northern Region
  2. Southern Region
  3. Western Region
  4. Eastern Region
  5. North-Eastern Region

CEA is being operated by a body consisting of 14 members, of which not more than 8 members are full-time members to be appointed by MoP. There are six winds, viz.

  1. Planning
  2. Hydro
  3. Thermal
  4. Grid Operation and Distribution
  5. Economic and Commercial
  6. Power System

Under each Member, there are Technical Divisions headed by Chief Engineer. Further to this, there are 14 Sub-ordinate offices of CEA, viz.

  1. Five (5) Regional Inspectorial Organizations (RIOs)
    • each headed by a Superintending Officer
    • to inspect HV/MV installations
  2. Four (4) Regional Power Survey Organizations (RPSOs)
    • Each headed by a Deputy Director
    • To carry out surveys to forecast the demand of power in respective regions
  3. Five (5) Regional Power Committees (RPCs)
    • Headed by a Member Secretory and Chief Engineer
    • To facilitate integrated operation of the Regional Grids

CEA being a technical arm of MoP, it has varied functions such as

  1. Advise the Central Government on the matters relating to the national electricity policy, relating to the national electricity policy, formulate short-term and perspective plans for development of the electricity system and coordinate the activities;
  2. Specify the technical standards for
    • construction of electrical plants, electric lines and connectivity to the grid;
    • safety requirements for construction, operation and maintenance of electrical plants and electric lines;
    • Grid Standards for operation and maintenance of transmission lines;
    • Installation of meters for transmission and supply of electricity;
  3. Advise the Appropriate Government and the Appropriate Commission on all technical matters relating to generation, transmission and distribution of electricity;
  4. Advise any State Government, licensees or the generating companies on such matters;
  5. Promote and assist in the timely completion of schemes and projects for improving and augmenting the electricity system;
  6. Collect and record the data concerning the generation, transmission, trading, distribution and utilisation of electricity and carry out studies relating to cost, efficiency, competitiveness and such like matters;
  7. Carry out, or cause to be carried out, any investigation for the purpose of generating or transmitting or distributing electricity;
  8. Promote research in matters affecting the generation, transmission, distribution and trading of electricity;

 Various reports being published by CEA

  1. General Review
  2. Thermal Performance Review
  3. Hydro Review
  4. Transmission Review
  5. Annual Generation Reports
  6. Load Generation Balance Reports (LGBR)
  7. Annual Fuel Consumption
  8. Annual reports
  9. Other such reports

If one wishes to study CEA well, it’s a big mine of data on Indian Power Sector Performance and Progress.